It may be difficult for sculptors to make major changes in form. In the situation where the influence of painting styles is weakened, the sculptor's creative freedom is easy to be exerted. As a result, realistic sculptures that have achieved high achievements thousands of years ago are once again awake. The earliest Luohan sculpture remains discovered so far are the Sixteen Luohan in Yanxia Cave, Hangzhou, belonging to Wuyue period of the fifth generation. It may be said that it is not fair to compare the two styles with legends of different themes, because the Luohan belongs to the third level below Buddha and Shansa in the Buddhist deities. According to the appearance of a real person, if a real person is used as a model, it will naturally tend to be realistic. This has nothing to do with the weakening of the influence of the painting world. This issue can still be illustrated with examples. For example, in the Tang Dynasty sculpture, there are only a few statues of realistic people.
Art works in general can still be seen as the product of two corresponding facts, on the one hand, the conditions of 'outside art'-an objective, material social reality; on the other hand, the factors within the art-formal, spontaneous Creative consciousness activities. The painting style sculpture also has a certain degree of realism, but from the basic method of modeling, it is obviously different from the realistic sculpture. In the painting style sculpture, it is generalized, smoothed and even stylized. The subtle structure of the physical image has been re-emphasized and strengthened in the realistic sculpture, the relatively simple decent has become more complicated, the solid and clear outline main line has been weakened, the static plane has been given a dynamic, consistent painting style The lines are broken by the undulating turn of the body-this is most evident in the grenade approach
I think that when the meeting style is a strong constraint on the sculptural world, even if the sculpture is made based on the real person's appearance, it will not be out of the customs of the times. This is a portrait of the master Jianzhen who made the Kaishan Hall of Tangzhaoti Temple in Nara, Japan. The modelling mode of the painting is modeled by painting, so the image is still the style of painting style sculpture. If you compare it with a similar statue of Luo Han in Baosu Temple in Zhizhen, the difference in modeling style is not difficult to distinguish. There are also the King Nanzhao, King Gongfeng, and Tibet in the Shizhongshan Grottoes in Jianchuan, Yunnan.
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